Submission of an article implies that:

The work described has not been published previously except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis.

That it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere.

That its submission and publication in the journal is known and approved by all Authors.

The work is the Author’s own and there are no falsification or fabrication of data, plagiarism including duplicate publication of the authors’ own work without proper citation and misappropriation of the work are all unacceptable practices.